TNS Analysis conducted the survey at the request of PILS. Unveiled a few weeks ago, the report went unnoticed until the Prime Minister shows his firmness against any form of relaxation of the law on cannabis. The survey was reviewed, praised and challenged in a lively debate held on Friday 13th of May at La Sentinelle between doctors and lawyers pro and anti decriminalization.
To the question posed “Have you smoked cannabis at least once?” Probed 1 of 4 replies yes. 15% then specify to have smoked in the last four weeks and said to be ‘regular’ smokers ‘. 37% of those who admitted having smoked in the month then specify smoke once or twice a week. The study then classifies consumers of cannabis according to their ethnicity.
“Alcohol is more dangerous”
Contrary to popular belief, it is not the general population is the largest consumer of cannabis. According to the survey, 46% of those who admit to being regular smokers are Hindus, 35% of the general population, 15% Muslim, and 4% of Sino-Mauritians.
Respondents were then asked to classify alcohol, cigarettes and cannabis in their perception of danger. It’s the alcohol that comes topped the list with 69%, the cannabis is second with 63% against 61% for cigarettes. The users of these three products have all confessed to having increased their consumption during the last three years, that of cannabis increased to 61%, smoking 57%, and 30% alcohol.
36% of 600 respondents believe that cannabis is not harmful if consumed in small amounts, against 33% who think it is. In that it is the law, 70% of respondents believe that governing consumer is “correct” and now that we should not change it. But the peculiarity of this survey is that it has tested the reaction of respondents deal with the practical Colorado, Portugal, the Netherlands, Uruguay (where cannabis is decriminalized or legalized or decriminalized) , and Southeast Asia (which possession could lead to the death penalty). Set before these facts, 40% of those who believe that laws gandia consumption are correct, have changed their minds to lean in favor of easing.
Sampling of TNS Analysis
During the debate on Friday 13th of May in La Sentinelle, Ravi Rutnah, lawyer and member of the ruling majority, challenged the accuracy and veracity of this study. Here is the methodology:
The quantitative study
• 600 face to face interviews, using the technique “computer personal interview Assistance” (CAPI), conducted from June 24 to August 8, 2015. The margin of error according to TNS is 4%.
• Methodology “proportional sampling population (PPS)” was used for the sample on the basis of different areas, as classified by the Central Bureau of Statistics.
• The sample was then amended to be nationally representative in terms of gender, ethnicity, age group, socio-economic group.
The qualitative study:
Three focus groups were conducted with (i) parent, (ii) young adults between 18 and 35 and (iii) adults aged between 36 and 65 years during the period from 2 to 8 June 2015. The group composition was mixed in terms of gender, ethnicity and socio-economic profile.
Another study: repression cost expensive
Alongside the survey of TNS Analysis, PILS also approached Straconsult for further study: the cost-effectiveness of existing consumer laws. It is based on figures published by the authorities and “available” in 2014.
The study found that the drug arrests dropped by 23.5% between 2008 and 2013. As against the cannabis related convictions have increased by 78% between 2011 and 2014.
Straconsult is categorised :Adamant consumers who are victims of repression. He arrives at this conclusion by finding that 77% of convictions in Gandia between 2011 and 2014 were for possession and consumption against only 8% for traffic, culture, or import. Meanwhile, convictions for heroin fell by 12.7%.
Straconsult then reveals that current laws are not effective from an economic standpoint. Avoiding trial and prison stays for cannabis offenses, the state would have saved 30% of its budget allocated to the judiciary, and 30% of prisons.