As per Vedic Astrology, at the time of Eclipse, people bath in the sacred rivers. They do charitable acts. They donate cows, money and gold. The day after Eclipse, they feed the poor, the Brahmins and the Sadhus. After Eclipse, they clean their houses, vessels, etc. and take bath before they start cooking.
One should not take food during the Eclipse. When Eclipse begins, food should have been digested by then. One should take food only after seeing the sun or the moon free from the Eclipse. When the clear sun or the moon is not seen before sunset or sunrise, in the case of the Solar and Lunar Eclipse respectively, food can be taken only after the sun or the moon is seen the next day.
Pregnant women should not see the sun or moon during the time of Eclipse. If they do, the child born may have some kind of defect. He may be born deaf, dumb or blind. Householders are forbidden from sexual intercourse on the day of the Eclipse, for the same reason.
At this time, one should take great care in avoiding bleeding, scorpion stings, etc. These have disastrous results. Even an earthworm has a poisonous effect when it bites during an Eclipse.
Those who do Jaap at the time of Eclipse, derive great benefits. The effect of Jaap and Sankirtan during Eclipse contributes towards relieving the suffering of humanity and also of planets. These people receive blessings of Gods. They attain perfection quickly. Those who wish to tap subtle force locked in the Mantra that will cure scorpion stings should stand in water and repeat the appropriate Mantra.